Cognitive theory in health and social care

Social learning theorists believe that because people can learn through observation alone, their learning may not necessarily be shown in their performance. Watching and observing outcomes of others performing or modeling the desired behavior. Get the learner to believe in his or her personal abilities to correctly complete a behavior.

Applying Learning Theories to Healthcare Practice

The assumption is that fear of a particular stimulus or situation is learned; thus it can also be unlearned or extinguished. In keeping with cognitive principles of learning, being mentally active when processing the information encourages its retention in longer-term memory.

Assigning a value to the outcomes of behavior change. Proponents of the cognitive development perspective evidence some differences in their views that are worth considering by nurse educators.

While surveying this chapter, readers are encouraged to think of ways to apply the learning theories to both their professional and personal lives. Bandura argues that SCT should be used to increase birth control use, reduce gender inequality through education, and to model environmental conservation to improve the state of the planet.

Each of these tasks can be practiced as a separate activity, then combined. However, it is important for nurses to be aware of the many cautions about punishment because punishment continues to be used more than it should in the healthcare setting, and all too often in damaging ways.

Social cognitive theory of gender development and differentiation. Explain how different types of practice and feedback variables in motor learning can be applied to patient teaching. Some implications for health care are the need to carefully match jobs with styles of thinking, to recognize that people may shift from preferring one style of thinking to another, and, most important, to appreciate and respect the different styles of thinking reflected among the many players in the healthcare setting.

Third, research evidence supporting behaviorist theory is often based on animal studies, the results of which may not be applicable to human behavior. Improving physical and emotional states refers to ensuring a person is rested and relaxed prior to attempting a new behavior.

Cognitive theory has been criticized for neglecting the social context. As a last resort, the instructor may try punishment, which involves applying a negative reinforcer and removing a positive reinforcer. Bandura outlines a four-step, largely internal process that directs social learning Figure In this case, the children in this experiment reenacted the model of violence they directly learned from the video.

Social Learning and Imitation.

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Effective modeling teaches general rules and strategies for dealing with different situations. The community level appears to have success in changing the environment and expectancies to alcohol use by reducing teen access to alcohol, changing norms and reducing alcohol use among high school students.

Thus learning takes place when the newly conditioned stimulus CS becomes associated with the conditioned response CR —a process that may well occur without conscious thought or awareness. Given the rapidly changing age and ethnic composition in the United States, the social constructivist perspective has much to contribute to health education and health promotion efforts.

Emotional reactions are often learned as a result of experience, they play a significant role in the learning process, and they are a vital consideration when dealing with health, disease, prevention, wellness, medical treatment, recovery, healing, and relapse prevention.

A principal assumption is that learning is a developmental, sequential, and active process that transpires as the child interacts with the environment, makes discoveries about how the world operates, and interprets these discoveries in keeping with what she knows schema.

Social cognitive theory

Bandura, along with his students and colleagues conducted a series of studies, known as the Bobo doll experimentin and to find out why and when children display aggressive behaviors.

The belief that an individual has control over and is able to execute a behavior.

Social Cognitive Theory

Key components of the SCT related to individual behavior change include: Drawing heavily from gestalt psychology and developmental psychology, social constructivists take issue with some of the highly rational assumptions of the information-processing view and build on the work of John Dewey, Jean Piaget, and Lev Vygotsky Palincsar, Individuals with high self-efficacy are more likely to believe they can master challenging problems and they can recover quickly from setbacks and disappointments.

Human agency has four core properties: The information-processing perspective is particularly helpful for assessing problems in acquiring, remembering, and recalling information.

As a third example, taking the time to help patients relax and reduce their stress when applying some medical intervention—even a painful procedure—lessens the likelihood that patients will build up negative and anxious associations about medicine and health care.

The main reason that social cognitive theory applies to all nations is because it does not say what is moral and immoral; it simply states that we can acknowledge these two concepts.

Third is the reproduction phase, during which the learner copies the observed behavior. Social cognitive theory is a learning theory based on the idea that people learn by observing others. These learned behaviors can be central to one's personality.

While social psychologists agree that the environment one grows up in contributes to behavior, the individual person (and therefore cognition) is just as important. Psychological Approaches in a Health and Social Care Setting Psychological Approaches in Health Care.

Behavioral, cognitive, humanist approaches

CBT is a psychological approach which is commonly used within a social care environment, this theory is based on positive and negative reinforcement, self-soothing, and how self-regulate when feeling anxious. Behaviorist Learning Theory Cognitive Learning Theory Social Learning Theory Psychodynamic Learning Theory crucial in health care—whether for patients and 56 Chapter 3: Applying Learning Theories to Healthcare Practice relative’s room, the visitor may smell offensive odors (UCS) and.

Social learning theory combines cognitive learning theory (which posits that learning is influenced by psychological factors) and behavioral learning theory (which assumes that learning is based. Cognitive learning theory includes several wellknown perspectives, such as gestalt, information processing, human development, social constructivism, and social cognition theory.

More recently, attempts have been made to incorporate considerations related to emotions within cognitive theory. Behavioral, cognitive, humanist approaches. For example, humanist theory is used to help post myocardial infarction patients regain a sense of personal control over their health care management.

It is possible to select elements of each theory that you find useful in patient teaching.

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