Structure and function of skin

It includes the following: For example, the fingertips and toes contain many nerves and are extremely sensitive to touch. New keratinocytes slowly migrate up toward the surface of the epidermis.

This gland lacks a tunica propria and appears to have delicate and intricate fibers which pass over the gland's muscle and epithelial layers.

The electrons are then passed, in a series of reactions driven by enzymes, from protein to protein and these proteins are located in the inner membrane of mitochondria in what is called the electron transport chain.

Infections which attach themselves to keratinised structures like the skin. Viruses are sub-microscopic organisms that can only multiply once inside cells they have invaded.

There are a great many different species of insects and some, during evolution, have lost one pair of wings, as in the houseflies, crane flies and mosquitoes. Then, cells can break down ATP as in this reaction: Allergic inflammation of the skin.

The erector pili muscles contract causing body hair to stand on end, trapping air against the surface of the skin, which is then warmed by body heat.

Corneocytes - the flattened dead keratinocytes that together make up the very outer layer of the epidermis is called the stratum corneum or horny layer. During the downstroke the wing is held horizontally, so thrusting downwards on the air and producing a lifting force.

There are 3 main types of skin cancer.

Insect Structure and Function

Fetid or foul-smelling perspiration which is caused by decomposition of the sweat and cellular debris by the action of bacteria and yeasts. Both diminish with age. The dermis is the inner layer that includes the following: A malignant tumor of melanocytes.

Sweat glands — produce sweat that travels via sweat ducts to openings in the epidermis called pores. The light, passing down this rhabdom, stimulates the eight or so retinal cells grouped round it to fire nervous impulses to the brain.

Structure and Function of the Skin

Blackheads are caused by a build-up of oil secretions which have become trapped in the hair follicles and have subsequently dried out and hardened.

The milky fluid is odorless until it mixes with bacteria on the surface of the skin. An elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid. Structure and functions of the skin Skin structure The skin is the largest organ of the body.

How to treat blisters. Vary in size from pinhead to several centimeters and in rare cases may be extremely large.

The subcutaneous layer under the dermis is made up of connective tissue and fat a good insulator. Those proteins take organic molecules, such as pyruvate and acetyl CoA, and chemically digest them.

Lastly, the epithelium or tunica propria encloses the gland. Voyage inside the cell Two types of cells that make up all living things on earth: prokaryotic and eukaryotic. Prokaryotic cells (check this video), like bacteria, have no 'nucleus', while eukaryotic cells, like those of the human body,, a human cell is enclosed by a cell, or plasma, membrane.

Enclosed by that membrane is the cytoplasm (with associated organelles) plus a nucleus. The skin renews itself completely in 28 days and sheds 30, to 40, dead cells per minute while it renews itself.

An average human sheds 9 pounds of skin cells in a year. The human skin is home to a species of bacteria.

Structure and functions of the skin

Skin is the soft outer tissue covering of vertebrates. Other animal coverings, such as the arthropod exoskeleton, have different developmental origin, structure and chemical adjective cutaneous means "of the skin" (from Latin cutis, skin).In mammals, the skin is an organ of the integumentary system made up of multiple layers.

The human skin consists of two major structures. These skin structures are the Epidermis and Dermis. The Epidermis. The Epidermis is further subdivided into 5 Layers (from deepest to most superficial layer).

Skin structure and function. The skin is an organ that provides the outer protective wrapping for all the body parts. It is the largest organ in the body. The arthropods are a large group of invertebrate animals which include insects, spiders, millipedes, centipedes and crustacea such as lobsters and crabs.

Structure and function of skin
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HSE - Skin at work: Work-related skin disease – Skin structure and function